Forward osmosis (FO) is an emerging membrane technology, which is especially suitable for brine treatment and other saline water treatment.
The production of organic fertilizers from animal droppings allows the transformation of waste into a source of self-sufficiency and revenue for farms.
Vacuum evaporation is a technique that is optimal for a wide variety of effluents and the only viable solution when all the effluents are mixed together.
Treatment of wastewater from paper and pulp industry considering two strategies: water without reuse (open cycle) or zero waste system (closed cyrcle). This latter alternative has two main objectives: to minimize both the water used and the liquid waste generated.